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New Lecture on Homeostasis as part of a New Playlist: Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology

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Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Homeostasis. We start by the definition of Homeostasis, and the different mechanisms to achieve that by Negative and Positive Feedback Loops. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer May Perez

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

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Jul 7, 2023
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New Nephrology Lecture on Nephrolithiasis | Kidney Stones
By 
Zach Murphy
Kitti Déak
Jona Mae Frondoso
Aldrich Christiandy
Sarah Abimhamed
 & more...
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Jun 30, 2023
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New Nephrology Lecture on Nephritic Syndrome
By 
Zach Murphy
Sarah Abimhamed
Gerard Jude Loyola
 & more...
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Jun 28, 2023
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New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
By 
Kristin Beach
Jona Mae Frondoso
Kitti Déak
 & more...
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Jun 23, 2023
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New Nephrology Lecture on Nephrotic Syndrome
By 
Zach Murphy
Gerard Jude Loyola
Juhi Gupta
 & more...
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Jul 7, 2023
New Nephrology Lecture on Nephrolithiasis | Kidney Stones

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Nephrolithiasis, also known as Kidney Stones. These renal calculi can be in several different forms including calcium oxalate stones, calcium phosphate stones, struvite stones (Staghorn), uric acid stones, and cystine stones. Calculi typically form in the kidneys and ideally leave the body spontaneously via the urethra without pain. Larger stones (like Struvite Stones) are very painful and may need surgical intervention. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso, Aldrich Christandy, and Sarah Abi

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 30, 2023
New Nephrology Lecture on Nephritic Syndrome

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Nephritic Syndrome. We will begin this lecture by explaining the normal anatomical functions of the glomerular filtration barrier. We will then define what Nephritic Syndrome is and all of the effects that it can have on patients. We will also be discussing the causes of Nephritic syndrome including Anti GBM Disease (Good Pasture Syndrome), ANCA Vasculitis (GPA, EPA, MPA), Hereditary Nephritis (Alport Syndrome), Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis, IGA Nephropathy, Lupus Nephritis, Membrano-Proliferative Glomerulonephritis. We conclude this lecture with the diagnostic approach to Nephritic Syndrome and how we can treat the complications that are a result from this disease. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sarah Abi, Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 28, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI). A UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder, or urethra.

Urinary tract infections are more common in women. They usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections involve the kidney.

A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination, and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

A UTI is most commonly treated with various antibiotics which we will be discussing in this lecture. We hope you enjoy this video!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 23, 2023
New Nephrology Lecture on Nephrotic Syndrome

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Nephrotic Syndrome. We will begin this lecture by explaining the normal anatomical functions of the glomerular filtration barrier. We will then define what Nephrotic Syndrome is and all of the effects that it can have on patients. We will also be discussing the causes of Nephrotic syndrome including minimal change disease, membranous nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, diabetic nephropathy, and amyloid nephropathy. We conclude this lecture with the diagnostic approach to Nephrotic Syndrome and how we can treat the complications that are a result from this disease. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Jun 21, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Renal Calculi

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Renal Calculi. Renal Calculi (also called kidney stones, nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys.

Diet, excess body weight, some medical conditions, and certain supplements and medications are among the many causes of kidney stones. Kidney stones can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together.

We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 16, 2023
New Hematology Lecture on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (also known as NHL, or sometimes just lymphoma) is a cancer that starts in white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

Jun 14, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Peritoneal Dialysis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Peritoneal Dialysis. Peritoneal Dialysis is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood. It is used to remove excess fluid, correct electrolyte problems, and remove toxins in those with kidney failure. Peritoneal dialysis has better outcomes than hemodialysis during the first couple of years. Other benefits include greater flexibility and better tolerability in those with significant heart disease.

Complications may include infections within the abdomen, hernias, high blood sugar, bleeding in the abdomen, and blockage of the catheter. Use is not possible in those with significant prior abdominal surgery or inflammatory bowel disease. It requires some degree of technical skill to be done properly.

In peritoneal dialysis, a specific solution is introduced through a permanent tube in the lower abdomen and then removed. This may either occur at regular intervals throughout the day, known as continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), or at night with the assistance of a machine, known as automated peritoneal dialysis (APD).

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sarah Abi

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 9, 2023
New Hematology Lecture on Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is part of the body's germ-fighting immune system. In Hodgkin's lymphoma, white blood cells called lymphocytes grow out of control, causing swollen lymph nodes and growths throughout the body. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The illustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

Jun 7, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Hemodialysis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is a procedure where a dialysis machine and a special filter called an artificial kidney, or a dialyzer, are used to clean your blood. In order to receive dialysis, a minor surgery is performed to the arm to create an arteriovenous shunt.

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jun 2, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Aspiration

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Aspiration. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso, Sarah Abi

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

May 31, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic renal disease or CKD, is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time.

Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy by filtering wastes from your blood. If kidney disease worsens, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like:

- Hypertension

- Anemia

- Osteoporosis

- Poor nutritional health

- Nerve damage

Kidney disease also increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen slowly over a long time. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.

We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

May 30, 2023
New Gastroenterology Lecture on Esophageal Motility Disorders

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Esophageal Motility Disorders. An esophageal motility disorder (EMD) is a disorder of the esophagus that may cause swallowing difficulties, spasms of pain or regurgitation of food. During this lecture we will be discussing the four main types of esophageal motility disorders. These will include the following:

Achalasia: Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus that affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach. It may occur at any age, but is typically more common in middle-aged and older persons. It may be inherited, as well.

Diffuse Esophageal Spasm: This type of esophageal motility disorder is caused by spasm or poor contraction of the smooth muscle that lines the esophagus.

Esophageal scleroderma: As in most autoimmune disorders, the body attacks itself, causing the scarring and thickening of the esophagus tissues. This causes abnormal functioning of the smooth muscle of the esophagus, inhibiting its ability to move food toward the stomach.

We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 26, 2023
New Hematologic Diseases Lecture on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML). CML is a type of cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jude Loyola, and Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 24, 2023
New Gastroenterology Nursing Lecture on Nephrotic vs Nephritic

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Nephrotic vs. Nephritic Syndrome. We will be learning how these two conditions can be differentiated and how patients will most commonly present. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

May 23, 2023
New Gastroenterology Lecture on Esophagitis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Esophagitis. Esophagitis is inflammation of the esophagus. Esophagitis can cause painful, difficult swallowing and chest pain. Many different things can cause esophagitis. Some common causes include stomach acids backing up into the esophagus, infection, oral medicines and allergies. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The llustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 19, 2023
New Hematology Lecture on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). CLL is a type of cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy, and Gerard Jude Loyola

The ilustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 17, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). AKI, previously called acute renal failure (ARF), denotes a sudden and often reversible reduction in kidney function, as measured by glomerular filtration rate (GFR).Although, immediately after a renal insult, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or creatinine levels may be within the normal range. The only sign of acute kidney injury may be a decline in urine output. AKI can lead to the accumulation of water, sodium, and other metabolic products. It can also result in several electrolyte disturbances. It is a very common condition, especially among hospitalized patients. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

May 16, 2023
New Gastroenterology Lecture on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease | GERD

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid repeatedly flows back into the esophagus. This acid reflux can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause damage and common clinical features which will be discussed during this lecture. Many people experience acid reflux from time to time. However, when acid reflux happens repeatedly over time, it can cause GERD. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The llustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 12, 2023
New Hematology Lecture on Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). AML is a type of cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy and Jude Loyola

The llustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 10, 2023
New Nursing Nephrology Lecture on Acute Glomerulonephritis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Acute Glomerulonephritis. Acute glomerulonephritis is defined as inflammation and subsequent damage of the glomeruli leading to hematuria, proteinuria, and azotemia. It may be caused by primary renal disease or systemic conditions. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

May 9, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Pleural Diseases

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Pleural Diseases. The conditions we will be discussing will include pleural effusion, atelectasis, pneumothorax, and tension pneumothorax.

A pleural effusion is the accumulation of fluid in between the parietal and visceral pleura, called the pleural cavity. It can occur by itself or can be the result of surrounding parenchymal disease like infection, malignancy, or inflammatory conditions.

Atelectasis is a complete or partial collapse of the entire lung or lobe of the lung. It occurs when the alveoli within the lung become deflated or possibly filled with alveolar fluid.

A pneumothorax is a collection of air outside the lung but within the pleural cavity. It occurs when air accumulates between the parietal and visceral pleura inside the chest. The air accumulation can apply pressure on the lung and make it collapse.

A tension pneumothorax occurs when air accumulates between the chest wall and the lung and increases pressure in the chest, reducing the amount of blood returned to the heart. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and a racing heart, followed by shock.

We hope you enjoy this lecture!

May 5, 2023
New Hematology Lecture on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). ALL is a type of cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy and Jude Loyola

The llustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

May 3, 2023
New Nursing Renal Lecture on BUN & Creatinine

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing BUN and Creatinine, which are important tests of kidney function. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

May 2, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Tuberculosis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy & Jude Loyola

The llustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Apr 28, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Pulmonary Hypertension

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Pulmonary Hypertension! Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart. In one form of pulmonary hypertension, called pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), blood vessels in the lungs are narrowed, blocked or destroyed. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The llustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Apr 26, 2023
New Nursing Renal Lecture on Glomerular Filtration Rate

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Glomerular Filtration Rate. During this lecture we will be discussing how the kidneys filter blood and how we measure these values utilizing the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We will also be discussing how kidney diseases can affect the GFR and cause injury. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jan Camille Santico

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Apr 25, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Restrictive Lung Diseases

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Restrictive Lung Diseases or also known as Interstitial Lung Diseases. We begin this lecture by discussing the types of restrictive lung diseases and how they can develop. The types of restrictive lung diseases we discuss include granulomatous diseases, pneumoconiosis, and collagen vascular diseases. We will conclude this lecture by discussing the diagnosis and treatment of restrictive lung diseases. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jude Loyola, Jona Mae Frondoso and Sarah Abi

The llustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Apr 21, 2023
New Endocrinology Lecture on Pheochromocytoma

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Pheochromocytoma. Adrenal Medulla Hormones: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, Dopamine, Causes , Rule of 10’s, Pathophysiology, Diagnostic and Treatment Approach to Pheochromocytoma We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sohani Kashi

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Apr 19, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Urinary Incontinence

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Urinary Incontinence. We will begin this lecture by reviewing the physiology of the micturition reflex. We will then move into the different types of incontinence including urge, stress, overflow, mixed, and functional incontinence. We will conclude this lecture with the signs and symptoms, tests and assessments, nursing interventions, and the treatment / education of a patient that has urinary incontinence. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jude Loyola

The llustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Apr 18, 2023
New Respiratory Pathology Lecture on Pneumonia

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Pneumonia. During this lecture we will be discussing the causes / pathophysiology, the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment. We hope you enjoy this lecture and!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Apr 14, 2023
New Endocrinology Lecture on Adrenal Insufficiency

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Adrenal Insufficiency. This includes Adrenal Cortex Hormones: Cortisol, Aldosterone, Androgens, Primary and Secondary Adrenal Insufficiency, Adrenal Crisis, Diagnostic and Treatment Approach to Adrenal Insufficiency. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sohani Kashi

The llustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

Apr 12, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Urine Specific Gravity

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Urine Specific Gravity. Urine specific gravity is a laboratory test that shows the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine. The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.0101 to 1.030. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories or institutions. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The llustrations were made by the talented  Kitti Déak

Apr 11, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Obstructive Lung Diseases | COPD, Asthma, Bronchiectasis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Obstructive Lung Diseases. The obstructive lung diseases we will be discussing is COPD, asthma, and bronchiectasis. We will be breaking this lecture down by discussing the causes & pathophysiology, features & complications, diagnosis, and treatment of each of these obstructive lung diseases. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The Introduction and Types, and Pathophysiology of Obstructive Lung DIseases by Jan Camille Santico

Features & Complications of Obstructive Lung Diseases by Sarah Abi

Diagnosis and Treatment by Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Apr 7, 2023
New Endocrinology Pathology Lecture on Hyperaldosteronism

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Hyperaldosteronism. Hyperaldosteronism occurs when the adrenal glands release too much aldosterone. Primary hyperaldosteronism is due to a problem of the adrenal glands themselves. Most cases are caused by a noncancerous (benign) tumor of the adrenal gland. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jude Loyola

The llustrations were made by the talented  Natalya Gerzhgorina

Apr 5, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Urine Formation & Micturition

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Urine Formation and Micturition. During this lecture we will briefly review the blood flow of the Kidney. We will then discuss how filtrate is formed through processes like glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion. We will then conclude this lecture on micturition and the mechanisms that allow for us to know when it is time to urinate. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The llustrations were made by the talented  Kitti Déak

Apr 4, 2023
New Pulmonology Lecture on Lung Neoplasm

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Lung Neoplasms. The lung neoplasms we will be discussing will be separated into categories including mediastinal masses, lung cancer, and pulmonary nodule. We will then be moving into the features and complications of lung neoplasms. We conclude this lecture with the diagnosis and treatment of lung neoplasms. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Mar 31, 2023
New Endocrine Pathology Lecture on Cushing's Syndrome

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Cushing's Syndrome. During this lecture we will start by discussing the hormone Cortisol and the reasons why excess Cortisol results in many abnormal features. We will also be comparing Cushing's Syndrome vs Cushing's Disease and how they differ from each other. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Natalya Gerzhgorina

Mar 29, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on the NCLEX Renal Lab Values

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Basic Renal Lab Values. We will be discussing three basic lab values that you must know for the NCLEX and when assessing the kidneys. These will include the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), and Creatinine. We hope you enjoy this lecture !

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 28, 2023
New Respiratory Pathology Lecture on Acute Respiratory Failure

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Acute Respiratory Failure, including Type 1- Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure and Type 2- Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure, Diagnosis, and Treatment, and Practice cases We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy and Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 27, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Renal Blood Flow

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Renal Blood Flow. We will be discussing how a drop of blood from the heart travels to the kidney and throughout the Renal System. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 24, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on the Cytoskeleton Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on the Cytoskeleton Structure & Function. During this lecture we will be continuing our discussion of the cell and the organelles that make up the cell. For this lesson, we will be talking about the cytoskeleton and the important role it performs for the overall cell structure. Three important categories of the cytoskeleton will be discussed including the microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules. We will also be including a cytoskeleton animation from our talented friends  @nucleusmedicalmedia . This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial  +  @nucleusmedicalmedia . If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia  for more amazing scientific and medical content! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 22, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on the Renal System: Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on the Renal System and discussing its Structure & Function. This lecture will begin by using an overview diagram of the Renal System and learning about the structures that make up the Kidney. We will then discuss the Renal Systems intricate structures and blood supply in more detail. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 21, 2023
New Cardiovascular Lecture on Shock | Hypovolemic, Cardiogenic, Obstructive, Distributive

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Shock. During this lecture we will be discussing the causes / pathophysiology of hypovolemic, cardiogenic, obstructive, and distributive shock. We will then transition into the features and complication of shock, discussing how patients most commonly will present in each category of shock. We will conclude this lecture with the diagnosis / hemodynamic parameters of shock, followed by the treatment for each category of shock. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Mar 17, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on Peroxisomes Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Peroxisomes Structure & Function. Fatty Acid Oxidation, Hydrogen Peroxide Metabolism, Biosynthetic Functions, and Ethanol Metabolism. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 15, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Wound Drainage

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on Wound Drainage. During this lecture we will talk about various types of wound drainage including sanguineous, serosanguineous, serous, and purulent. We will conclude with the important documentation that Nurses must make on types of drainage including color, consistency, amount, and odor. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 14, 2023
New Cardiovascular Pathology Lecture on Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Peripheral Artery Disease. We will begin this lecture by talking about the pathophysiology of peripheral artery disease including the thrombotic and embolic causes. We will then discuss the features and complications of peripheral artery disease and how patients most commonly present. We will then conclude this lecture with the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral artery disease. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy and Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Mar 10, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on Lysosomes Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Lysosomes Structure & Function and Autolysis We hope you enjoy this

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 8, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on the Secondary Skin Lesions

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Secondary Skin Lesions including Erosions, Ulcers, Fissures, Excoriations, Atrophy, Crusts, Scales, Scars, Bulla, and Lichenification. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 7, 2023
New Cardiovascular Pathology Lecture on Lipid Disorders

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Lipid Disorders. This will include dyslipidemia, hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. We will begin this lecture by discussing the normal physiology of lipids and how our body metabolizes and utilizes lipids. We will then be discussing the acquired causes of lipid disorders like diabetes, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, and medications that have a negative effect. We will then be moving onto the features and complications from these lipid disorders, how we diagnose these conditions, and finally the treatment which is most commonly with Statins. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy and Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Mar 3, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on the Mitochondria Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on the Mitochondria Structure & Function. During this lecture we will be continuing our discussion of the cell and the organelles that make up the cell. For this lesson, we will be talking about the mitochondria or the powerhouse of the cell and the functions this important organelle is responsible for. We will also be including a mitochondria animation from our talented friends  @nucleusmedicalmedia . This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial  +  @nucleusmedicalmedia . If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia  for more amazing scientific and medical content! We hope you enjoy this lecture and be sure to support us below! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Mar 1, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on the Primary Skin Lesions

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Primary Skin Lesions including Macules, Patchs, Papules, Plaques, Nodules, Tumors, Wheals, Vesicles, Bulla, and Pustules. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 24, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on the Golgi Apparatus

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on the Golgi Apparatus. During this lecture we will be continuing our discussion of the cell and the organelles that make up the cell. For this lesson, we will be talking about the Golgi Apparatus or Golgi Body and the functions it is responsible for. We will also be including a Golgi Apparatus animation from our talented friends at  @nucleusmedicalmedia . This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial  +  @nucleusmedicalmedia . If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia    for more amazing scientific and medical content! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jan Camille Santico

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 22, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Skin Color Assessment

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on Skin Color Assessment. Throughout this lecture we will be discussing the importance of conducting a detailed skin inspection and noting skin appearances such as pallor, cyanosis, erythema, and jaundice. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 17, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on the Endoplasmic Reticulum Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on the Endoplasmic Reticulum. During this lecture we will be continuing our discussion of the cell and the organelles that make up the cell. For this lesson, we will be talking about the smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum and the functions they are responsible for. We will also be including an endoplasmic reticulum animation from our talented friends at  @nucleusmedicalmedia . This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial  and  @nucleusmedicalmedia   If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia  for more amazing scientific and medical content! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 15, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Wound Healing

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on Wound Healing. Previously, we discussed topics such as pressure injuries, wound staging, and the Braden Scale. We now have all the information we need in order to identify, describe and document pressure injuries and various stages of wounds. We will now learn the pathophysiology and primary stages that occur with wound healing. We conclude this lecture with the nasty types of wounds that aren't healing as expected and the barriers/complications that can cause these chronic wounds. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 10, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on The Cell Nucleus: Structure & Function

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Cell Nucleus Structure & Function. During this lecture we will be starting with the two primary structures of the nucleus. This will include the nuclear envelope and the nuclear content. Our talented friends from  @nucleusmedicalmedia  created an animation that will then outline what we have talked about in regards to the cell nucleus. The conclusion of this lecture is spent talking about the functions of the nucleus including the nuclear envelope, chromatin, and the nucleolus. This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial   and  @nucleusmedicalmedia . If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia  more amazing scientific and medical content! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sarah Abimhamed

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 8, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on The Braden Scale

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture, Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on the Braden Scale. The Braden Scale is a scale made up of six sub-scales, which measure elements of risk that contribute to either higher intensity and duration of pressure or lower tissue tolerance for pressure. These are: sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, friction, and shear. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 3, 2023
New Cell Biology Lecture on Cell Membrane Structure & Function with Nucleus Medical Media

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Cell Membrane Structure & Function. During this lecture we will be discussing the three main components of the cell membrane. These include membrane lipids, membrane proteins, and the glycocalyx. We have teamed up with the incredibly talented  @nucleusmedicalmedia  to provide an overview animation of the cell membrane. This video is a collaboration between  @NinjaNerdOfficial  and  @nucleusmedicalmedia . If you want to see more scientifically accurate animations on anatomy, physiology, diseases, and conditions - Check out  @nucleusmedicalmedia  for more amazing scientific and medical content!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Feb 1, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Wound Staging

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be presenting on Wound Staging. We will be continuing our conversation on pressure injuries and will now transition on how nurses and other health care professionals stage the progression of these integumentary changes. The Wound Staging is classified by a Stage 1, Stage 2 (Partial Thickness), Stage 3 (Full Thickness), Stage 4 (Full Thickness with Tissue Loss), Deep Tissue Injury, and Unstageable. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jan 27, 2023
New Anatomy Lecture discussing the different Body Planes & Sections

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Body Planes & Sections. We will be using an anatomical skeleton for this lecture to see the body planes and sections in a 3D representation on our good friend, Skelly! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy

Jan 26, 2023
New Podcast Episode on Hyperaldosteronism

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Hyperaldosteronism.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Hyperaldosteronism!

  • The Aldosterone Pathway and Normal Physiology
  • Aldosterone Target Organs & Effects
  • Causes of High Aldosterone
  • Diagnostic Workup
  • Treatment
Jan 25, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Pressure Injuries

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing pressure injuries and how detrimental results can occur from a lack of mobility. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jan 20, 2023
New Anatomy Lecture discussing the Anatomical Orientation & Regional + Directional Terminology

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Anatomical Orientation & Regional + Directional Terminology. We will be using an anatomical skeleton during this video where you will see anatomical orientation, regional and directional terminology on our good friend, Skelly! We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christandy

Jan 19, 2023
New Podcast Episode on Cushing's Syndrome

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Cushing's Syndrome.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Cushing's Syndrome!

  • The Cortisol Pathway and Normal Physiology
  • Cortisol Target Organs & Effects
  • Causes of High Cortisol
  • Diagnostic Workup
  • Treatment
Jan 18, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on the different Immobility Disorders

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Immobility and the many issues that can result from a lack of movement. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jan 13, 2023
New Lecture on the Body Cavities & Serosal Membranes

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Body Cavities & Serosal Membranes. This is an introductory topic where we will be using the whiteboard to discuss the primary body cavities including the ventral and dorsal body cavities. We will then conclude this lecture with a brief discussion on the abdominopelvic cavity and the 4 quadrant / 9 quadrant classification. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kiti Déak

Jan 12, 2023
New Podcast Episode on Anxiolytic & Hypnotic Drugs

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Anxiolytic & Hypnotic Drugs.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Anxiolytic & Hypnotic Drugs!

- Pathophysiology

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

- Mechanism of Action

  • Anxiolytics
  • Hypnotics

- Treatment Approach

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

- Adverse Drug Reactions

  • Anxiolytics
  • Hypnotics
Jan 11, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Fat Embolism available at the New Ninja Nerd Nursing Channel!

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Fat Embolism. Fat embolism is defined by the presence of fat globules in the pulmonary circulation. The term fat embolism syndrome (FES) refers to the clinical syndrome that follows an identifiable insult which releases fat into the circulation, resulting in pulmonary and systemic symptoms.We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jan 6, 2023
New Lecture on Homeostasis as part of a New Playlist: Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Homeostasis. We start by the definition of Homeostasis, and the different mechanisms to achieve that by Negative and Positive Feedback Loops. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer May Perez

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Jan 5, 2023
New Podcast Episode on the Drugs for Epilepsy

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Drugs for Epilepsy.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Drugs for Epilepsy!

  • Classification between Seizures & Epilepsy
  • Causes / Pathophysiology
  • Mechanism of Anti Epileptic Drugs (AEDs)
  • Clinical Approach to Epilepsy
  • Adverse Drug Reactions & Systematic Involvement
Jan 4, 2023
New Nursing Lecture on Rhabdomyolysis

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Rhabdomyolysis. Rhabdomyolysis (often called rhabdo) is a serious medical condition that can be fatal or result in permanent disability. Rhabdo occurs when damaged muscle tissue releases its proteins and electrolytes into the blood. These substances can damage the heart and kidneys and cause permanent disability or even death. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 29, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Parkinson's Disease Drugs

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Parkinson's Disease (PD) Drugs

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Parkinson's Disease (PD) Drugs!

~ Anatomy of Basal Ganglia

  • Direct vs. Indirect Pathway

~ Pathophysiology and Mechanism of Action of PD Drugs

~ PD Drug Categories

  • L-dopa & Carbidopa
  • Dopamine Agonists
  • COMT-Inhibitors
  • MAO-B-Inhibitors
  • Amantadine
  • Anticholinergics

~ Complications

~ Adverse Drug Effects

Dec 28, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Traction | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Traction, which is an is an orthopedic treatment that involves placing tension on a limb, bone or muscle group using various weight and pulley systems. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana Guerra

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 23, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Anxiolytic & Hypnotic Drugs. We Start by discussing the Pathophysiology of Anxiety and Insomnia, we discuss the Mechanism of Action for Anxiolytics and Hypnotics, we cover their Treatments and Adverse Effects of those Treatments, then conclude with some Practice Questions. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sohani Kashi

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 22, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Hypernatremia

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Hypernatremia.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Hypernatremia!

  • Introduction to Hypernatremia
  • Causes / Pathophysiology
  • Clinical Features
  • Physical Exam Findings
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
Dec 21, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Gout | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Gout, which is a form of arthritis characterized by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in joints. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jan Camille Santico

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 20, 2022
Updated Notes and Illustrations for the Antiplatelet, Anticoagulant, Thrombolytic Agents Lecture
Dec 16, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on the Drugs for Epilepsy

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Drugs for Epilepsy. During this lecture we will be starting with the mechanism of Epilepsy and then moving into the mechanism of action and how epilepsy is treated. We will then conclude this lecture with the adverse drug reactions of antiepileptic drugs and practice questions about this topic to test your knowledge. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers Camille Santico and Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 15, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Hyponatremia

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Hyponatremia.

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Hyponatremia!

  • Introduction to Hyponatremia
  • Causes / Pathophysiology
  • Clinical Features
  • Physical Exam Findings
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
Dec 14, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Hypovolemic Shock | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Hypovolemic Shock. We will be talking about the main causes of Hypovolemic Shock including Hemorrhagic vs. Non-Hemorrhagic and how this emergent condition is treated. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 9, 2022
New Lecture on Hypernatremia

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Hypernatremia. We start with the definition of Hyponatremia, and our physiological Compensation Mechanisms. We then get to the Causes, Consequences, Diagnostic Approach and Treatment of Hypernatremia. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers Aldrich Christiandy and Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 8, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Autonomic Pharmacology: Muscarinic Antagonists

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Muscarinic Antagonists within our short four part series on Autonomic Pharmacology

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Muscarinic Antagonists!

Dec 7, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Ostomy | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing the purpose of an Ostomy. During this lecture we will outline the differences between a Colostomy and Ileostomy and the medical causes that would result in requiring this surgical procedure. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Dec 2, 2022
New Lecture on Hyponatremia

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Hyponatremia. The Pathophysiology of Hyponatremia, Hypotonic Hyponatremia, ADH Dependent Hyponatremia: Volume Down, Volume Up, Inappropriate ADH Release, SIADH. We then Discuss The Volume Status which leads us to ADH Independent Hyponatremia, H2O Excretion. All that summarized in a Diagnostic Approach and concluded with the treatment for the different  cases of Hyponatremia. We hope you enjoy this lecture.

Dec 1, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Autonomic Pharmacology: Cholinergic Agonists

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Cholinergic Agonists within our short four part series on Autonomic Pharmacology

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Cholinergic Agonists!

Nov 30, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on the Hypertensive Crisis | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Hypertensive Crisis. During this lecture you will learn how to define a hypertensive crisis and how to differentiate between and treat a hypertensive emergency vs. a hypertensive urgency. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jan Camille Santico

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 25, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on Antiplatelet, Anticoagulant, Thrombolytic Agents

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Anticoagulants, Thrombolytics, and Antiplatelet Agents. Please be sure to use the table of contents to visit all of the chapters we have available in this detailed lecture. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers: Aldrich Christiandy and Sohani Kashi

The illustrations were made by the talented Juhi Gupta

Nov 24, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Autonomic Pharmacology: Adrenergic Antagonists

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Adrenergic Antagonists within our short four part series on Autonomic Pharmacology

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Adrenergic Antagonists!

Nov 23, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Neurogenic Shock | NCLEX

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Neurogenic Shock (Distributive Shock) which is a condition you have trouble maintaining your heart rate, blood pressure and temperature stable because of damage to your nervous system after a spinal cord injury. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Gerard Jude Loyola

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 18, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on Diuretics

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Diuretics. We begin this lecture by reviewing Renal Physiology which will be essential in order to understand how these diuretics work. We will then go through each category of diuretic including: Osmotic Diuretics, Carbonic Anhydrase Diuretics, Loop Diuretics, Thiazide Diuretics, and Potassium Sparing Diuretics. After discussing these categories of drugs mechanism of action and indications, we will then transition into each of these types of drugs adverse reactions. We conclude this lecture by going over practice problems for Diuretics that we will be reviewing with you. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers: May Perez, Sarah Abimhamed and Jan Camille Santico

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 17, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Autonomic Pharmacology: Adrenergic Agonists

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Adrenergic Agonists within our short four part series on Autonomic Pharmacology

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Adrenergic Agonists!

Nov 16, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Acute Cholecystitis | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Acute Cholecystitis which is a medical condition from inflammation of the gallbladder. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 11, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on Antiarrhythmic Drugs

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Antiarrhythmic Drugs. We begin this lecture by reviewing Cardiac Physiology which will be essential in order to understand how these antiarrhythmics work. We will then go through the 5 types of Antiarrhythmic Drugs which include: Sodium Channel Blockers (Type I AAD), Beta Blockers (Type II AAD), Potassium Channel Blockers (Type III AAD), Calcium Channel Blockers (Type IV AAD), Adenosine + Digoxin (Type V AAD). After discussing these classes of drugs mechanism of action and indications, we will then transition into each of these types of drugs adverse reactions. We conclude this lecture by going over practice problems for Antiarrhythmic Drugs that we will be reviewing with you. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers:

 Cardiac Physiology by Ana Guerra

 The different drug classes (Beta Blockers , Calcium Channel Blockers , Adenosine + Digoxin , Sodium Channel Blockers and Potassium Channel Blockers) by Jude Loyola

 Indications for Antiarrhythmic Drugs, and Adverse Drug Reactions by Jona Mae Frondoso

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 10, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Anticoagulants, Thrombolytics, and Antiplatelet Agents

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Anticoagulants, Thrombolytics, and Antiplatelet Agents

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Anticoagulants, Thrombolytics, and Antiplatelet Agents!

  • Hemostasis: Coagulation Cascade, Extrinsic + Intrinsic Pathway
  • Anticoagulants:
  • Heparin
  • UFH
  • LMWH
  • Fondaparinux
  • Direct Factor Inhibitors
  • Xa Inhibitors:
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Apixaban
  • Edoxaban
  • Thrombin Inhibitors:
  • Dabigatran
  • Argatroban
  • Bivalirudin
  • Vitamin K Antagonists:
  • Warfarin (Coumadin)
  • Thrombolytics (tPA):
  • Alteplase
  • Reteplase
  • Tenecteplase
  • Streptokinase
  • Urokinase
  • Antiplatelets:
  • Aspirin
  • P2y12 Receptor Blockers:
  • Clopidogrel
  • Ticagrelor
  • Prasugrel
  • Ticlopidine
  • GP2b/3a Inhibitors:
  • Abciximab
  • Eptifibatide
  • Tirofiban
  • PDE-3 Inhibitors:
  • Cilostazol
  • Anticoagulants, Thrombolytics, Antiplatelet Agents MOA
  • Therapeutic Indications
  • Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR's)
  • Drug Complications

Nov 9, 2022
New Nursing Lecture on Malignant Hyperthermia | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Malignant Hyperthermia, which is a severe reaction to certain drugs used for anesthesia. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Aldrich Christiandy

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 4, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on the Drugs for Heart Failure

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Drugs for Heart Failure. During this lecture we will begin by discussing the pathophysiology of heart failure. After we have provided a solid foundation to build upon, we will move into the various categories of drugs used to treat heart failure. These will include Beta Blockers, RAAS Inhibitors, Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitors (ARNI's), Direct Vasodilators, Diuretics, Ivabradine, and Positive Inotropic Agents. We will then review the NYHA Chronic Heart Failure Management Classification and how we manage Acute Heart Failure. As always, at the conclusion of this lecture we will have 10 practice problems to help you truly master this important topic. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writers: Sohani, Camille, Ana and Jude

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Nov 3, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Diuretics

This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Diuretics

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Diuretics!

  • Defining a Diuretic
  • Diuretics Drug Categories:
  • Osmotic Diuretics
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
  • Loop Diuretics
  • Thiazide Diuretics
  • Potassium Sparing Diuretics
  • Diuretics MOA
  • Therapeutic Indications
  • Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR's)

Nov 2, 2022
New Nursing Top 100 Medications Lecture on Adenosine | NCLEX

In this lecture Professor Kristin Beach, MSN, BSN, RN will be discussing Adenosine, which is a drug that is used to treat Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT). We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Sarah Abimhamed

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Oct 28, 2022
New Pharmacology Lecture on the Drugs for Hyperlipidemia

Ninja Nerds!

In this lecture Professor Zach Murphy will be presenting on Drugs for Hyperlipidemia. During this lecture we will start with reviewing the basic pathophysiology of Hyperlipidemia. After we review Hyperlipidemia Pathophysiology, we will be moving into the various drug categories that are used to treat Hyperlipidemia including: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitors, Niacin, Fibrates, Bile Acid Sequestrants, Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors, and PCSK9 Inhibitors. As always, we will be including 10 practice problems at the conclusion of this lecture to truly master this topic. We hope you enjoy this lecture!

The lecture notes were written by the Ninja Nerd writer Ana, Sarah and Aldrich

The illustrations were made by the talented Kitti Déak

Oct 27, 2022
New Podcast Episode on Antiarrhythmic Drugs


This week, Rob and Zach will be talking about Antiarrhythmic Drugs

We will be discussing the following topics within this episode on Antiarrhythmic Drugs!

Defining an Arrhythmia

Pathophysiology of an Arrhythmia:

  • Abnormal Automaticity
  • Increased Triggered Activity
  • Re-Entrant Circuits

Antiarrhythmic Drug Categories:

  • Class I: Sodium Channel Blockers (Type Ia, Ib, Ic)
  • Class II: Beta Blockers
  • Class III: Potassium Channel Blockers
  • Class IV: Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Class V: Miscellaneous
  1. Adenosine
  2. Magnesium
  3. Digoxin

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