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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

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Ninja Nerds!

Professor Zach Murphy will present on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). We will be going into detail on the following main objectives:

1. Introduction to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

- Gain a fundamental understanding of ARDS, including its definition and clinical significance.

- Familiarize yourself with the historical context and evolving nomenclature leading up to the current Berlin Criteria.

2. Pathophysiology of ARDS

- Understand the complex pathophysiological mechanisms that lead to ARDS, including inflammation, alveolar damage, and hypoxia.

- Discuss the risk factors and common precipitating conditions like sepsis, pneumonia, and trauma.

3. Clinical Presentation and Symptoms

- Identify the key clinical manifestations of ARDS, such as rapid onset of severe dyspnea, hypoxia, and respiratory distress.

- Understand the significance of early signs like tachypnea and decreased oxygen saturation.

4. Diagnostic Criteria and Tools

- Dive into the Berlin Criteria for diagnosing ARDS, covering aspects like timing, severity, and imaging findings.

- Learn how to interpret diagnostic tools like arterial blood gas (ABG), chest X-ray, and CT scans in the context of ARDS.

5. Management Strategies for ARDS

- Discuss evidence-based management approaches, including lung-protective ventilation, fluid management, and prone positioning.

- Explore pharmacologic options such as corticosteroids and neuromuscular blockers and when they might be indicated.

6. Monitoring and Prognostic Factors

- Understand the metrics and markers used to assess ARDS severity and guide management.

- Learn about prognostic indicators such as the APACHE II score, lung injury score, and other multi-organ dysfunction scores.

7. Complications and Long-term Outcomes

- Recognize the potential complications of ARDS like barotrauma, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and long-term pulmonary fibrosis.

- Discuss the impact of ARDS on long-term morbidity and quality of life.

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Table of Contents:

0:00 Lab

0:07 ARDS Introduction

0:33 Pathophysiology

11:28 Complications | Pulmonary Hypertension

15:21 Complications | Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

17:15 Complications | Ventilator Induced Lung Injury (VILI)

24:55 Diagnostic Approach

28:35 Managing the Ventilator

33:04 Treatment

37:45 Comment, Like, SUBSCRIBE!

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