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Pleural Diseases

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Ninja Nerds!

Professor Zach Murphy will be lecturing on Pleural Diseases. We will be going into detail on the following main objectives:

1. Introduction to Pleural Diseases

- Acquire a foundational understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the pleura.

- Discuss the role of the pleura in respiratory function and how it can be affected by various disease processes.

2. Pathophysiology of Pleural Diseases

- Dive into the mechanisms underlying common pleural diseases, including how fluid, air, or blood accumulates in the pleural space.

- Learn about transudative vs. exudative pleural effusions and their etiologies.

3. Clinical Manifestations

- Recognize the signs and symptoms commonly associated with pleural diseases like pleural effusion and pneumothorax.

- Understand the physical examination findings that can point to pleural pathology.

4. Diagnostic Criteria and Tools

- Familiarize yourself with the current diagnostic criteria based on the latest clinical guidelines.

- Understand the utility and interpretation of imaging studies, including chest X-ray and ultrasound, as well as pleural fluid analysis.

5. Management Strategies for Pleural Effusion

- Discuss the evidence-based management of pleural effusion, including the roles of thoracentesis, pleurodesis, and pleural catheters.

- Understand when to escalate care, for example, when effusion is malignant or recurrent.

6. Management Strategies for Pneumothorax

- Gain insights into the current best practices for managing pneumothorax, ranging from observation and oxygen therapy to needle decompression and surgical intervention.

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Table of Contents:

0:00 Lab

0:07 Pleural Diseases Introduction

0:42 Pleural Effusion History & Physical Exam Findings

3:09 Pleural Effusion Pathophysiology | Transudative Effusions

6:50 Pleural Effusion Pathophysiology | Exudative Effusions

11:29 Pneumothorax History & Physical Exam Findings

12:58 Pneumothorax Pathophysiology | Primary Spontaneous

15:28 Pneumothorax Pathophysiology | Secondary Spontaneous

17:21 Pneumothorax Pathophysiology | Traumatic

19:45 Complications | Pleural Effusions

20:52 Complications | Respiratory Failure

23:47 Complications | Empyema

28:15 Complications | Pneumothorax

30:11 Complications | Respiratory Failure & Atelectasis

31:36 Complications | Tension Pneumothorax

36:38 Diagnostic Approach to Pleural Effusions

40:07 Differentiating Parapneumonic Effusions

41:41 Treatment of Pleural Effusions

43:45 Diagnostic Approach to Pneumothorax

45:00 Treatment of Pneumothorax

45:40 Chest Tube Tips

53:21 Comment, Like, SUBSCRIBE!

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